This operation involves removing the whole breast. This may become necessary if the breast lump is large in proportion to the rest of the breast tissue or if there are several areas of cancer cells in different parts of the breast. . Options of reconstruction is offered and discussed with the patient either as primary or delayed reconstruction. Following mastectomy women are given the options of using various prosthesis to restore body image.
Over the choice of treatment, whether lumpectomy or mastectomy, research has shown that in early breast cancer, both are equally effective in outcome
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
As a part of any operation for breast cancer, the axillary lymph glands are checked to see if breast cancer cells have spread into the lymph glands from the breast tumour. This helps to determine the stage and plan of treatment.
Sentinel lymph node biopsy is a way of checking just one or two lymph glands to see if they contain cancer. If sentinel nodes do not contain cancer cells, no further surgery is required. If nodes contain cancer cells, then we proceed to remove all the glands in the axilla. This procedure avoids the morbidity that may follow axillary clearance.
Hormones are natural substances which occur in our body and effect how certain organs or systems work.
In many women, the growth of breast caner is affected by the female hormone called oestrogen. Growth of cancer may be slowed down or stopped by blocking the action of a particular hormone.
Drugs like tamoxifen, , anastrozole, ememestane, fulverterant, zoledex and surgical procedures like ooperectomy.
Benign Breast Disorders
Benign , non cancerous breast conditions are very common and we are equipped to assess , reassure and treat most of the non cancerous conditions.
Breast pain is a very common symptom in women. This is usually cyclical and hormonal in nature.
Cysts are very common in the peri menopausal age group . Again this is usually not cancerous or turn cancerous but complex or complicated cysts will require assessment and follow up.