High frequency ultrasound is used for diagnosis and also used to guide interventional procedures. The centre is equipped with Alpha 6 from Aloka Japan, and Sonosite. Both the machines have special features that gives excellent quality images for accurate imaging.
Benefits of ultrasound
It is quick, painless and does not involve any radiation.
It rapidly distinguishes fluid filled cysts from solid lumps.
It accurately documents the size and shape of an abnormality.
It provides a valuable first impression as to whether solid lumps look benign, indeterminate or obviously malignant. This may influence the selection and timing of subsequent tests.
It guides needle biopsy making this procedure quick, accurate and comfortable.
Ultrasound is particularly useful for assessing symptoms in the following situations
Young women less than 35 years of age.
Assessment of very lumpy, dense breast tissue that is not well seen on mammorams.
For a fine needle aspiration cytology ( FNAC) a thin needle is inserted into the lump and cells are removed. This feels rather like having an injection done. The cells are spread into a slide and the pathologist looks at the cells for a diagnosis.
Core biopsy gives more information than cytology. Local anesthesia is injected to numb the skin. Tissue is taken from the breast lump with a needle usually under ultrasound guidance. This tissue is then processed in the lab and results will be available in a few days.